ThereConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species, orCITES, from EnglishConvention on International Trade of Endangered Species, is an international convention signed in Washington in 1973. Its purpose is to regulate the international trade in endangered wild fauna and flora. It concerns the trade of live or dead specimens, or only parts of organisms or products derived from them, aiming to prevent the commercial exploitation of endangered species (first cause of extinction, followed by habitat destruction).
In Italy, the convention has been in force since 1980. With Law 150 of 7 February 1992, its application is the responsibility of the ministries of the environment, finance, foreign trade and agriculture and forestry.